We all know that roses are the “Crown Jewel” of the garden, but many people are hesitant to plant roses for fear that they are too much work. In reality, roses require less maintenance than many other plants and even your lawn. Growing roses can be rewarding for so many reasons. They add beauty to your lawn & garden, are great for fresh-cut arrangements and produce one of the most sweet and aromatic fragrances of any plant.
Choosing The Right Roses For Your Yard
Roses are available as bare-root plants (plants that are in their dormant stage) that best planted in spring to early summer or in containers. When choosing the type of roses that you want to plant, do your research beforehand. Many rose varieties are now hardier and more disease resistant and some varieties grow taller and wider than others. So if you have a smaller yard or garden space you will want to plant a rose that doesn’t compete for growing room.
Types Of Roses
Hybrid Tea- Produces showy blooms.
Grandiflora- Clusters of blooms on a stem rather than a single bloom.
Floribunda- Excellent roses for landscaping and are shorter than Hybrid Tea Roses.
Climbing- Makes a grand statement. Requires a trellis, arbor or wall.
Shrub- Most are fragrant. Full & large growing pattern.
Polyantha- Miniature blooms and typically highly fragrant.
Planting Your Roses
Choose a well-drained spot that receives 6 to 8 hours of full sun. Dig a hole the same depth as the plant’s roots. For plants that are in a container, you will want to avoid disturbing the roots. We recommend cutting away the plastic container rather than pulling to plant out but the crown or branches. When placing the plant in the hole, you will want to place the bud graft (the area where the branches start to sprout out) 1-2 inches below the soil surface. Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to help retain moisture. Just as with any newly planted plant, roses will need to be watered. Do not allow the soil to dry completely out. Once it becomes established, usually after one growing season, you can water once a week. To avoid fungus from developing on the leaves of your plant, water at the base rather than spraying directly on the leaves and buds.
Caring For Your Roses
Trimming- In order for roses to keep producing blooms all season, they require deadheading. Remove any dead blooms so the plant can focus its energy on producing new blooms. Pruning under the first or second five-leafed leaf will result in more blooms. Cutting the stem straight off at a right angle gives the smallest wound.
Spraying- The best way to avoid leaf & bloom damage caused by fungus and insects is to be pro-active. Spray a fungicide and insect control specifically formulated for roses.
Winterizing Your Roses
Winters in zones 6 & colder can brutal for all plants. You can help protect your roses with just a few simple steps.
Before the official start of winter, prune your rose bush to three feet tall. Remove overly long canes and any remaining leaves in order to prevent disease. Cover the base of the rose bush with approximately 2-3 inches of shredded leaves, topsoil or mulch.